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Crawford Press Releases


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TOWN OF CRAWFORD Request for Proposals for the Construction of a New Town Hall and Police Pole Barn

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that sealed Request for Proposals for the Construction of a New Town Hall and Police Pole Barn in the Town of Crawford, NY (hereinafter 'RFP') will be received by the Town of Crawford at the office of the Town Clerk, Town Hall, 121 Route 302, Pine Bush, New York 12566, until 10:00 o'clock A.M. on July 15, 2024, and then be publicly opened and read aloud.

Copies of the Information and Specifications for the RFP may be obtained at the Office of the Town Clerk at the above address. RFP’s must be submitted on official forms and in sealed envelopes at the above address and shall bear on the face thereof the name and address of the bidder, designation of the RFP item exactly as specified above and "Town of Crawford".

The Town Board reserves the right to reject any and/or all proposals and to readvertise for new proposals. RFP’s shall be awarded in accordance with General Municipal Law §103.

Dated: June 17, 2024



Our Summer Camp registration has met capacity and registration is now closed.  


Annual Drinking Water Quality for 2023 - Pine Bush Water District

121 State Route 302, Pine Bush, N.Y. 12566

Public Water Supply ID# 3503553

To comply with State and Federal regulations, the Pine Bush Water District will be annually issuing a report describing the quality of your drinking water.  The purpose of this report is to raise your understanding of drinking water and awareness of the need to protect our drinking water sources. This report provides an overview of last year’s water quality.  Included are details about where your water comes from, what it contains, and how it compares to State standards.

If you have any questions about this report or concerning your drinking water, please contact Chris Finnegan, Superintendent of Water and Sewer, at 744-2515.  We want you to be informed about your drinking water.  If you want to learn more, please attend any of our regularly scheduled Town Board meetings.  The meetings are held at 7:30 pm on the third Thursday of the month.


In general, the sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells.  As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activities.  Contaminants that may be present in source water include: microbial contaminants; inorganic contaminants; pesticides and herbicides; organic chemical contaminants; and radioactive contaminants.  In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, the State and the EPA prescribe regulations which limit the amount of

certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems.  The State Health Department’s and the FDA’s regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.

Our water source is entirely a ground water (well) supply consisting of three wells.  During 2022 the water was pumped from the wells and treated with chlorine to destroy microorganisms and injected with phosphates to control iron and manganese prior to delivery to the customers. An average volume of approximately 241,000 gallons per day was withdrawn from the wells. Total water drawn from the wells for the year for 47,688,00.  This supply served a population of approximately 2,100 plus a central school system of approximately 5,650.  Some water loss can be attributed to water main breaks, flushing and normal system losses.  The annual average charged for water during 2022 was $6.00 per 1000 gallons.


As the State regulations require, we routinely test your drinking water for numerous contaminants.  These contaminants include total coliform, inorganic compounds, nitrate, nitrite, lead and copper, volatile organic compounds, total trihalomethanes, and synthetic organic compounds.  Table I depicts which compounds were detected in your drinking water.  The State allows us to test for some contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change frequently.  Some of our data, though representative, are more than one year old.  A supplement containing all the test results is available for viewing by contacting Christopher Finnegan at the Water Department.  Please call 845-744-2515.  You may request a copy of the supplement containing these results.

What Does This Information Mean?

We have learned through our testing that some contaminants have been detected. We are required to present the following information on lead in drinking water:

“Infants and children who drink water containing lead in excess of the action level could experience delays in their physical or mental development.  Children could show slight deficits in attention span and learning abilities.  Adults who drink this water over many years could develop kidney problems or high blood pressure” If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women, infants, and young children.  It is possible that lead levels at your home may be higher than at other homes in the community as a result of materials used in your home’s plumbing.  The Pine Bush Water District is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components.  When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking.  If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested.  Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791)) or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.

It should be noted that all drinking water, including bottled drinking water, may be reasonably expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk.  More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791) or the Orange County Health Department at 845-291-2331.

Although our drinking water met or exceeded state and federal regulations, some people may be more vulnerable to disease causing microorganisms or pathogens in drinking water than the general population.  Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections.  These people should seek advice from their health care provider about their drinking water.  EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and other microbial pathogens are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800- 426-4791).


Although our system has an adequate amount of water to meet present and future demands, there are a number of reasons why it is important to conserve water:

* Saving water saves energy and some of the costs associated with both of these necessities of  life;

* Saving water reduces the cost of energy required to pump water and the need to construct  costly new wells,       pumping systems and water towers; and

* Saving water lessens the strain on the water system during a dry spell or drought, helping to avoid severe water use restrictions so that essential fire fighting needs are met. You can play a role in conserving water by becoming conscious of the amount of water your household is using, and by looking for ways to use less whenever you can.  It is not hard to conserve water.  Conservation tips include:

* Automatic dishwashers use 15 gallons for every cycle, regardless of how many dishes are loaded.  So get a run for your money and load it to capacity.

* Turn off the tap when brushing your teeth.

* Check every faucet in your home for leaks.  Just a slow drip can waste 15 to 20 gallons a day.  Fix it up and you can save almost 6,000 gallons per year.

* Check your toilets for leaks by putting a few drops of food coloring in the tank, watch for a few minutes to see if the color shows up in the bowl.  It is not uncommon to lose up to 100 gallons a day from one of these otherwise invisible toilet leaks.  Fix it and you save more than 30,000 gallons a year.

* Use your water meter to detect hidden leaks.  Simply turn off all taps and water using appliances, then check the meter after 15 minutes.  If it moved, you have a leak.

There are presently three New York State Department of Health certified water operators employed by the Pine Bush Water District.  Each operator must receive continuing education throughout the year.  We at the Pine Bush Water Department work around the clock to provide top quality water at every tap.  We ask that all of our customers help us protect our water sources, which are the heart of our community, our way of life, and our children’s future.



Christopher Finnegan, Chief Operator, Water & Sewer


1.  If iron or manganese are present, the total concentration of both should not exceed 0.5 Mg/L.  Higher levels may be allowed by the State when justified by the supplier of water.

2.  Iron is essential for maintaining good health. However, too much iron can cause adverse health effects. Drinking water with very large amounts of iron can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, and stomach pain. These effects usually diminish once the elevated iron exposure is stopped. A small number of people have a condition called hemochromatosis, in which the body absorbs and stores too much iron. People with hemochromatosis may be at greater risk for health effects resulting from too much iron in the body (sometimes called “iron overload”) and should be aware of their overall iron intake. The New York State standard for iron in drinking water is 0.3 milligrams per liter, and is based on iron’s effects on the taste, odor and color of the water.

3.  Manganese is a common element in rocks, soil, water, plants, and animals. Manganese occurs naturally in water after dissolving from rocks and soil. Contamination of drinking water may occur if manganese gets into surface or groundwater after dissolving from rocks and soil. It may also occur if manganese gets into surface or groundwater after improper waste disposal in landfills or by facilities using manganese in the production of steel or other products.

4.  Manganese is an essential nutrient that is necessary to maintain good health. However, exposure to too much manganese can cause adverse health effects. There is some evidence from human studies that long-term exposure to manganese in drinking water is associated with nervous system effects in adults (e.g., weakness, stiff muscles and trembling of the hands) and children (learning and behavior). The results of these studies only suggest an effect because the possible influences of other factors were not adequately assessed. There is supporting evidence that manganese causes nervous system effects in humans from occupational studies of workers exposed to high levels of manganese in air, but the relevance of these studies to long term drinking water exposure is less clear because the exposures were quite elevated and by inhalation, not by ingestion.4.  Excess manganese produces a brownish color in laundered goods and impairs the taste of tea, coffee, and other beverages.  Concentrations may cause a dark brown or black stain on porcelain plumbing fixtures.  As with iron, manganese may form a coating on distribution pipes.  These may slough off, causing brown blotches on laundered clothing or black particles in the water.

5.  Water containing more than 20 mg/L of sodium should not be used for drinking by people on severely restricted sodium diets. Water containing more than 270 mg/L of sodium should not be used for drinking by people on moderately restricted sodium diets.

6.  The level presented represents the 90th percentile of the 20 sites tested. A percentile is a value on a scale of 100 that indicates the percent of a distribution that is equal to or below it. The 90th percentile is equal to or greater than 90% of the copper values detected at your water system.  In this case, 20 samples were collected at your water system and the 90th percentile value was the third highest value. The action level for copper was not exceeded at any of the sites tested.

7.  The level presented represents the 90th percentile of the 20 sites tested. A percentile is a value of a scale of 100 that indicates the percent of a distribution that is equal to or below it. The 90th percentile is equal to or greater than 90% of the lead values detected at your water system.  In this case, 20 samples were collected at your water system and the 90th percentile value was the third highest value. The action level for lead was exceeded at one of the sites tested.  Please see section “What does this information mean?” for health information on Lead. 

8. Please note that in addition to PFOS and PFOA, the lab ran the analysis for the entire EPA method 537.1, which includes 16 additional perfluorinated chemicals, 4 of these additional chemicals were detected, the highest of which was 4.19 ng/l. These additional analytes are not currently regulated and do not have an MCL.

Pine Bush W.D.


Source Water Assessment Report Summary

The NYS DOH has completed a source assessment for this system, based on available information. Possible and actual threats to this drinking water source were evaluated. The state source water assessment includes a susceptibility rating based on the risk posed by each potential source of contamination and how easily contaminants can move through the subsurface to the wells.  The susceptibility rating is an estimate of the potential for contamination of the source water, it does not mean that the water delivered to consumers is, or will become contaminated.  See “Table of Detected Contaminants” for a list of the contaminants that have been detected.  The source water assessments provide resource managers with additional information for protecting source waters into the future.

As mentioned before, our water is derived from three drilled wells.  The source water assessment has rated these wells as having a medium-high to susceptibility to microbials, nitrates, industrial solvents, and other industrial contaminates.  These ratings are due primarily to the close proximity of SPDES permitted discharge facilities (industrial/commercial facilities that discharge wastewater into the environment and are regulated by the state and/or federal government), the low-level residential activity and the pasture that are located in the assessment area.  In addition, the wells draw from an unconfined aquifer of high hydraulic conductivity and the overlying soils may not provide adequate protection from potential contamination.  While the source water assessment rates our well as being susceptible to microbials, please note that our water is disinfected to ensure that the finished water delivered into your home meets New York State’s drinking water standards for microbial contamination.

The Town of Crawford has made some significant upgrades to your water system with guidance from our water operators from H2O Innovation. Including, Fire Hydrants have been replaced, relocation of hydrants to better suite the needs of the public.. All Hydrants in the system have been tested and working. Flushing of the district has continued, we have daytime and nighttime flushing operators. Every Spring and Fall, the town will send out information beforehand. This removes all settling common to natural minerals in the system mains. We have noticed significant improvement of water quality out of our hydrants with this flushing program. Meters throughout the system have been repaired to insure correct asset management of our water.

Green Sand filter project is completed and we are seeing great removal or iron and manganese in the system, we will continue to flush to remove and keep our water safe.  

A copy of the assessment, including a map of the assessment area, can be obtained by contacting us, as noted in this report. H2O Innovation 24 hour answering service number (845)888-5755. Thanks!

Glossary of Terms

Non-Detects (ND) - Laboratory analysis indicates that the constituent is not present.

Action Level - The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

Conversion Factor - Multiply                        By                                  To Obtain

                                 Mg/L(ppm)           Multiply detected                      Ug/L(ppb)

                                                               Level by 1,000

                                  Divide                           By                                   To Obtain

                                  UG/L(ppb)          Divide detected                         MG/L(ppm)

                                                              Level by 1,000

Hardness - Measured in grains (1 grain=17.1 mg/L) or mg/L, any water over 10 grains is considered very hard.

Maximum Contaminant Level - The “Maximum Allowed” (MCL) is the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.   MCL’s are set at very stringent levels.  To understand the possible health effects described for many regulated constituents, a person would have to drink 2 liters of water every day at the MCL level for a lifetime to have a one-in-a-million chance of having the described health effect.

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal – The  ”Goal” (MCLG) is the level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL):  The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.  There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG): The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contamination.

Parts per million (ppm) or Milligrams per liter (mgl) - One part per million corresponds to one part of liquid in one million parts of liquid ( parts per million - ppm)

Parts per billion (ppb) or Micrograms per liter - One part per billion corresponds to one part of liquid in one billion parts of liquid (parts per billion - ppb)


During 2023, our system was in compliance with applicable State drinking water operating, monitoring and reporting requirements.

Table of Detected Contaminants




Date of Sample

Level Detected






Regulatory Limit (MCL, TT or AL)

Likely Source of Contamination




Max = 0.23

Range =

0.11 to 0.23



MCL = 2

Erosion of natural deposits.




Max = 1.4

Range =

ND to 1.4



MCL = 10

Erosion of natural deposits.




Max = 76.5

Range =




See Note 5

Road Salt




Max = 3.2

Range =

1.9 to 3.2



MCL = 100

Erosion of natural deposits




90th%tile= 0.34 (0.018 - 0.432)




Corrosion of household plumbing systems




90th %=8.74

(ND – 74.8)




Corrosion of household plumbing systems





Range = 0.119-0.358




Run-off from fertilizer use


The Town of Crawford is accepting bids for the surfacing of uneven and wet areas at the Town of Crawford walking trail located off of Ward Avenue.  The areas to be done will be identified with a meeting with the Supervisor and the Parks Department.  The Town will supply all material for the repair to these areas.  Bids will be accepted until 10:00am on Monday, June 10, 2024.  For further information and a visit to the site, please contact the Supervisor’s office at 845-744-5010.

The Town of Crawford is accepting bids to seal the walking trail located at the end of Holland Avenue and make any necessary repairs to the asphalt surface.  The material shall be oil-based sealer.  Bids will be accepted until 10:00 am on Monday, June 10, 2024.  For further information, please contact the Supervisor's office at 845-744-5010.

Water Main Flushing Program Pine Bush Water

The 2024 Water Main Flushing Program:

Time flushing 9:00 am to 4:00pm

May 6 - Main Well, Holland, EJR, Kelly, Borden, Cameron, Church, Edmunds

May 7 - Crispell, Blackhawk, Stock Market, Boniface

May 8 - Boniface, Ted, McDonalds to Route 52

May 9 - Maple, Charles, Prospect, New Center

May 10 -True Value Plaza, Rt 52, Hueg, Depot, Railroad, North

May 13 & 14 - Orchard, Shawangunk, Van Kueren, Finneran, Kerilee, Greising, Martin, Arthur, Gross, Hardenburgh

Please contact the Water Department at 845-744-2515 with any question about the 2024 flushing programs.

More Information about Flushing:

During the flushing program, most crews work between 9:00 am to 4:00 pm, Monday through Friday

What is the Water Main (Hydrant) Flushing Program?

To improve water quality and minimize discoloration, water mains are comprehensively flushed by a technique known as Conventional flushing. The procedure is performed in warm-weather months and involves the systematic opening and closing of hydrants, one section of the main at a time, to force the water through the pipes at high velocity, removing accumulated mineral sediment until the water is clear. The operation can take from a few minutes to over hour, although most last about 30 minutes.

How will Flushing Affect Water Services?

When flushing crew are working close to your residence or business, you may experience periods of very low pressure or even a complete stoppage of service. Flushing operations may also lead to discolored water, which can be drawn into homes and businesses if the water is being used during or immediately following flushing. Such events should affect customers for a few hours at the most. The discoloration is caused by iron (red color) or manganese (black color) particles being dislodged from the water main which can stain porcelain and laundry. If discoloration occurs, open cold tap nearest the water meter-usually a basement sink-to full flow until the water runs clear. In some situations, this may take 5 to 10 minutes. It also advised that you make sure your water is clear before doing laundry or other projects for which discolored water could cause problems. A precise schedule of flushing operations is difficult to determine more than a day or two in advance. We ask for your patience and understanding during this critical main cleaning process.

Town of Crawford

County of Orange

State of New York

PLEASE TAKE NOTICE that the Town of Crawford Town Board will hold a special meeting for the purpose of setting a public hearing for a local law to continue the Bullville Fire District and Pine Bush Fire District and any other matters that may come before the Board on Tuesday, April 30, 2024 at 5:00 pm at the Crawford Town Hall, 121 State Route 302, Pine Bush, New York.

The Town of Crawford will make every effort to assure that the hearing is accessible to persons with disabilities.  Anyone requiring special assistance and/or reasonable accommodations should contact the Town Clerk.

Date:   April 29, 2024



Jessica M. Kempter, Town Clerk

The Town of Crawford has several positions available to qualified individuals. We have a full time opening for a parks and grounds position. This job entails the maintenance of the parks and walking trails as well as the buildings in the Town. Skills needed are handyman skills and carpentry and the ability to run mowers and small equipment. We are also looking to fill a general office position for someone willing to learn the operations of the Town departments and report to the supervisor. Skills needed include the ability to review financial statements, computer operations and more. Please send your resume to Supervisor Charles E. Carnes at [email protected] or drop it off at Town Hall.






PLEASE TAKE NOTICE that after a public hearing and adoption of a SEQR Negative Declaration for this Type 1 action, the Town Board duly enacted, on March 21, 2024, Local Law No. 1 of 2024, titled Inclusion of Building Trades and Property Maintenance Trades In BP and BP-Hamlet Zoning Districts,” which local law adds ‘building trades and property maintenance trades’ as a special permit use in the BP (Business Park) and BP-Hamlet (Business Park-Hamlet) zoning districts.

Dated: March 21, 2024

                                                                        BY ORDER OF THE TOWN BOARD

                                                                        TOWN OF CRAWFORD

                                                                        JESSICA KEMPTER, TOWN CLERK

The Town Board will be having an open discussion with the public regarding short term rentals.